Progressivism in the White House

Review Questions

How did Roosevelt intercede in the Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902?

  1. He invited strikers and workers to the White House.
  2. He urged the owners to negotiate a deal.
  3. He threatened to send in the army to work the mines.
  4. He ordered the National Guard to protect the strikers.

Hint:

A

Which of the following was a key Progressive item passed by Taft?

  1. the Pure Food and Drug Act
  2. the U.S. Forestry Service
  3. the Mann-Elkins Act
  4. the Payne-Aldrich Act

Hint:

D

Which of the following was not an outcome of the Underwood Tariff Act?

  1. It reduced tariffs 15 percent across all imports.
  2. It eliminated tariffs for steel.
  3. It eliminated tariffs for iron ore.
  4. It established a federal banking system to oversee tariffs.

Hint:

D

Explain the fundamental differences between Roosevelt’s “New Nationalism” and Wilson’s “New Freedom.”

Hint:

The major difference between Roosevelt’s New Nationalism and Wilson’s New Freedom concerned the candidates’ beliefs about the necessary size of the federal government. Wilson believed that a small federal government could keep bad businesses in check while allowing the country to grow. Roosevelt, in contrast, believed that the country required a large and involved federal government to safeguard the interests of the American people.

Why did Wilson’s “New Freedom” agenda come in two distinct phases (1913 and 1916)?

Hint:

Wilson’s actions were limited by his belief in his New Freedom platform, which promised voters a small government. Still, he took a number of steps in the first year of his presidency to shore up the economy and push back against destructive trusts. With those goals accomplished, he largely left the Progressive agenda alone. As the 1916 election season approached, however, Wilson realized that his hands-off policy was not endearing him to voters, and he ended his first term in a flurry of Progressive legislation that reminded the voting public of all he could do for them.